Woodstream By-Laws

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A by-law relating generally to the conduct of the business and affairs of


(herein called the “Corporation”)


BE IT ENACTED as a by-law of the Corporation as follows


The duties of the Association shall include, but shall not be limited to the following:

(a) controlling, managing and administering of the common elements and assets of the Association;
(b) collecting revenues;
(c) obtaining and maintaining insurance for the property, the corporation and the Directors as may be required by the Act and by-laws;
(d) repairing and restoring of the common elements;
(e) obtaining and maintaining fidelity bonds where obtainable, in such amounts as the Board may deem reasonable, for such officers and directors or employees as are authorized to receive or disburse any funds on behalf of the Association;
(f) causing financial statements to be made after every year-end and making them available to the members;
(g) preparing an annual budget;
(h) establishing and maintaining one or more reserve funds.

The powers of the Association shall include but shall not be limited to the following:

(a) employment and dismissal of personnel necessary for the maintenance and operation of the common elements;
(b) adoption and amendment of rules concerning the operation and use of the property of the Association;
(c) employing a manager at a compensation to be determined by the Board to perform such duties and services as the Board shall authorize;
(d) obtaining and maintaining fidelity bonds for any manager where deemed necessary by the Board, and in such manner as the Board may deem reasonable;
(e) to settle, adjust, compromise or refer to arbitration or the courts any claim or claims which may be made upon or which may be asserted on behalf of the Association;
(f) to retain and hold any securities or other property, whether real or personal, which shall be received by the Association, in the form received, whether or not the same is authorized by any law, present or future, for the investment of trust funds;
(g) to sell, convey, exchange, assign, lease or otherwise deals with (but not borrow or mortgage) any real or personal property at any time owned by the Association at such price, on such terms, and in such manner as the Association in its sole discretion deems advisable and to do all things and execute all documents required to give effect to the foregoing;
(h) save and except for the bank overdraft not to exceed $5000.00, the corporation shall not (i) borrow money
(ii) pledge the assets of the corporation (iii) pass the budget which proposes a deficit before revenues and

expenses within any fiscal year.


The business and affairs of the Association shall be managed and supervised by the Board of Directors.

The corporate seal of the Association shall be in the form impressed hereon.


The Board of Directors shall at all times consist of not less than 3 and not more than 10 directors.

The size of the Board at the date of execution of this shall set at 3 directors. The Board shall be expanded to seven directors once all of the following events have occurred:
(i) monthly assessments are being collected from the members;
(ii) the amenities, namely the tennis court, volleyball court, play area, recreation area, have been constructed and are under the care and management of the Association;


The first annual meeting of the members will be held within 53 weeks of the occurrence of the final event specified in 1.4 above and once each year thereafter. The election of directors shall take place at the first annual meeting of the members.

1.6 TERM

Elected directors shall sit for a term of 2 years. Incumbent directors, if qualified, shall be eligible for re-election. If an election of directors is not held at the proper time the directors shall continue in office until their successors are elected.


A director may resign from office upon giving a written resignation to the Association and such resignation becomes effective when received by the Association or at the time specified in the resignation, whichever is later.


A director may be removed for just cause by a majority vote of the membership or by the Board of Directors.


Where a vacancy occurs on the Board, a quorum of directors then in office may appoint a person to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the term. If there is no quorum of directors or if there has been a failure to elect the number of directors required by the articles or in the case of a variable board as required by special resolution, the directors then in office shall forthwith call a meeting of members to fill the vacancy and, if they fail to call a meeting or if there are no directors then in office, the meeting may be called by any member.


Meetings of the board may be held at the registered office of the Association or at an other place within or outside of Ontario but, except where the articles or the by-laws otherwise provide, in any financial year of the Association a majority of the meetings of the board shall be held at a place within Canada.


Where all the directors present at or participating in the meeting have consented thereto, any director may participate in a meeting of the board by means of conference telephone, electronic or other communication facilities as permit all persons participating in the meeting to communicate with each other simultaneously and instantaneously and a director participating in such a meeting by such means is deemed for the purposes of the Act and these by-laws to be present at the meeting. If a majority of the directors participating in such a meeting are then in Canada the meeting shall be deemed to have been held in Canada.


Meetings of the board shall be held from time to time at such place, at such time and on such a day as the president or a vice-president who is a director or any two (2) directors may determine, and the secretary shall call meetings when directed or authorized by the president or by a vice-president who is a director or by any two (2) directors. Notice of every meeting so called shall be given to each director not less than forty-eight (48) hours before the time when the meeting is to be held, except that no notice shall be necessary if all the directors are present or if those absent have waived notice of or otherwise signified their consent to the holding of such meeting. A notice of the meeting of directors need not specify the purpose of or the business to be transacted at the meeting except where the Act requires such purpose or business to be specified.


The board may appoint a day or days in any month or months for regular meetings at a place and hour to be named. A copy of any resolution of the board fixing the place and time of regular meetings of the board shall be sent to each director forthwith after being passed, but no other notice shall be required for any such regular meetings.


Three (3) directors shall constitute a quorum.


Directors shall not transact business at a meeting of the board unless a majority of the directors present are resident Canadians. However, directors may transact business at a meeting of the board where the majority of resident Canadian directors is not present if, (a) a resident Canadian director who is unable to be present approves in writing or by telephone or other communications facilities the business transacted at the meeting, and (b) a majority of resident Canadian directors would have been present had the director been present at the meeting.


The Chairman of any meeting of the board shall be the first mentioned of such of the following officers who have been appointed and who is a director and is present at the meeting:
Chairman of the Board
President, or
A Vice-President who is a director.

If no such officer is present, the directors present shall choose one of their number to the Chairman.


At all meetings of the board, every question shall be decided by the majority of the votes cast on the question.


In the case of an equality of votes on any question at a meeting of the board, the Chairman of the meeting shall be entitled to the second or casting vote.


Every director or officer of the Association who is a party to a material contract or proposed material contract with the Association, or is a director or officer or has a material interest in any corporation which is a party to a material contract or proposed material contract with the Association shall disclose in writing to the Association or request to have entered in the minutes of the meeting of directors the nature and extent of his interest as required by section 132 of the Act.


A resolution in writing, signed by all directors entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of directors or committee of directors, is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of directors or committee of directors. A copy of every such resolution shall be kept with the minutes of the proceedings of the directors or committee of directors.


No director or officer shall be liable for the acts, receipts, neglects or defaults of any other director or officer or employee, or of joining in any receipt or other act for conformity, or for any loss, damage or expense happening to the Association through the insufficiency or deficiency of title to any property acquired for or on behalf of the Association, or for the insufficiency or deficiency of any security in or upon which any of the monies of the Association shall be invested, or for any loss or damage arising from the bankruptcy, insolvency or tortious acts of any person with whom any of the monies, securities or effects of the Association shall be deposited, or for any loss occasioned by any error of judgment on his part, or for any other loss, damage or misfortune whatever which shall happen in the execution of the duties of his office or in relation thereto, unless the same are occasioned by his own willful neglect or default; provided that nothing herein shall relieve any director or officer from the duty to act in accordance with the Act or from liability for any breach thereof.


Except as provided in section 136 of the Act, every director and officer of the Association, every former director or officer of the Association or a person who acts and acted at the Association’s request as a director or officer of a body corporate of which the Association is or was a member or creditor, and his heirs and legal representatives shall, from time to time, be indemnified and saved harmless by the Association from and against all costs, charges and expenses, including an amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judgment, reasonably incurred by him in respect of any civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding to which he is made a party by reason of being or having been a director or officer of such Association or body corporate if,

(a) he acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Association; and
(b) in the case of a criminal or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a monetary penalty, he had reasonable grounds for believing that his conduct was lawful.


Subject to the limitations contained in the Act, the Association may purchase and maintain such insurance for the benefit of its directors and officers as such, as the board may from time to time determine.



At the first meeting of the board after each election of directors, the board shall elect or appoint a president, and a secretary and if deemed advisable may appoint one or more vice-presidents, a general manager, a treasurer and such other officers as the board may determine including one or more assistances to any of the officers so appointed. None of the said officers, except the president need be a director or member. Any two of the said offices may be held by the same person. If the same person holds the office of secretary and treasurer, he may, but need not, be known as the secretary-treasurer.


The board may fix the term for appointment and remove any officer at any time in its sole discretion.


The president shall be the chief executive officer of the Association. He shall, if present, preside at all meetings of the membership and of the directors and shall be charged with the general supervision of the business and affairs of the Association except the power to do anything referred to in sub-section 127(3) of the Act. Except when the board has appointed a general manager or managing director, the president shall also have the powers and be charged with the duties of that office except the power to do anything referred to in sub-section 127(3) of the Act.


The vice-president, or if there are more than one, the vice-presidents in order of seniority (as determined by the board) shall be vested with all the powers and shall perform all the duties of the president in the absence or disability or refusal to act of the president, except that he shall not preside at meetings of the directors or membership unless he is qualified to attend meetings of directors or the membership as the case may be. If a vice-president exercises any such duty or power, the absence or inability of the president shall be presumed with reference thereto. A vice president shall also perform such duties and exercise such powers as the president may from time to time delegate to him or the board may prescribe.


The general manager, if one is appointed, shall have the general management and direction, subject to the authority of the board and the supervision of the president, of the Association’s business and affairs and the power to appoint and remove any and all officers, employees and agents of the Association not elected or appointed directly by the board and to settle the terms of their employment and remuneration but shall not have the power to do any of the things set forth in sub-section 127(3) of the Act. If and so long as the general manager is a director, he may but need not be known as the managing director.


The secretary shall attend all meetings of the directors, membership and committees of the board and shall enter or cause to be entered in books kept for that purpose minutes of all proceedings at such meetings; he shall give, or cause to be given, when instructed, notices required to be given to members, directors, auditors and members of committees; he shall be the custodian of the stamp or mechanical device generally used for affixing the corporate seal of the Association and of all books, paper, records, documents and other instruments belonging to the Association; and he shall perform such other duties as may from time to time be prescribed by the board.


The treasurer shall keep, or cause to be kept, proper accounting records as required by the Act; he shall deposit or cause to be deposited, all monies received by the Association in the Association’s bank account; he shall, under the direction of the board, supervise the safekeeping of securities and the disbursement of the funds of the Association; he shall render to the board, whenever required, an account of all his transactions as treasurer and of the financial position of the Association; and he shall perform such other duties as may from time to time be prescribed by the board.


The duties of all other officers of the Association shall be such as the terms of their engagement call for or the board requires of them. Any of the powers and duties of an officer to whom an assistant has been appointed may be exercised and performed by such assistant, unless the board otherwise directs.


From time to time the board may vary, as to or limit the powers and duties of any officer of officers, but shall not delegate to any officer any of the powers set forth in sub-section 127(3) of the Act.


The board shall have the power from time to time to appoint agents or attorneys for the Association in or out of Ontario with such powers of management or otherwise (including the power to sub-delegate) as may be thought fit.


The board may require such officers, employees or agents of the Association as it deems advisable to furnish bonds for the faithful performance of their duties, in such form and with such surety as the board may from time to time prescribe.



(a) A member must be an owner of real property in good standing in the serviced area (b) where the property includes a dwelling, members shall be deemed to include for the purpose of determining which individuals have the right to use the Association facilities, members of the immediate family residing in the dwelling with the owner (c) Where a “resident” is not the member of the immediate family special application must be made to the board to give the resident user privileges. (d) Where the property is leased, an application must be made to the Board to give the tenants user privileges. (e) where the dwelling has sub tenants, or apartments, an application may be made for user privileges. The Board may also levy an additional monthly assessment to the second unit.


The serviced area shall be defined as those lands shown in schedule “A” attached hereto.


By majority vote of the membership at a special meeting called for the purpose and a majority vote of the board the board of directors shall have the right to expand the serviced area to bring in additional lands. In considering the expansion, the board shall consider the best interests of the corporation, the ability of members to use the facilities of the corporation and the new amenities or resources that are to be offered by the members in an expanded area. Owners of lands in an expanded area shall bear a proportion of maintenance costs as determined by the board of directors and shall provide security to the corporation for enforcement of the payment of these costs.


All lands in the serviced area shall have the right to join the association, use the amenities and pay the assessments, provided that the lands are owned by the developer, its successors, or assignee at the time of registration and covenants similar to those in the original phase are registered on title to the affected lots or units in the new development. If the developer of any new parcel in the serviced area does not declare the lands to become part of the owners association at the time of registration of the M-Plan, the owners of lots in the new development will not be required to pay the fees and will not have the right to use the amenities. If at a date more than six (6) months following registration, the landowners wish to join the association, the provision of paragraph 4.3 will apply.


Any member or members may be suspended by a resolution of the Board of Directors for any of the following:

(a) failure to pay monthly dues;
(b) breach of a restrictive title covenant on the members property or elsewhere in the serviced area;
(c) breach of the rules, by laws or regulations of the association;
(d) gross misconduct.

The board in imposing the suspension, may elect to impose a general suspension revoking all membership privileges or may limit, restrict or qualify the suspension in its sole discretion.


Any member suspended may appeal the suspension in accordance with the arbitration procedure set out in paragraph 1.8. In the event that the member is unsuccessful in the appeal the arbitrator or panel may elect to require the member to pay the corporation’s legal and arbitration costs. Any dispute may be reviewed by an arbitrator agreed upon by the parties or in the event that no agreement can be reached, the Board of Directors shall select one arbitrator (the removed director(s) shall abstain from any vote or resolution on the matter), the removed director shall select another arbitrator and the 2 so selected shall choose a third. Arbitration shall proceed without delay by either party in accordance with the Arbitrations Act of Ontario. The arbitrator or panel may direct that a set of rules be developed and may make any orders that are deemed in his discretion necessary to facilitate the arbitration. Until the review is complete and a decision rendered, the director(s) shall remain active and his removal held in abeyance.


An annual meeting of the membership shall be held in accordance with paragraph 1.5.


The board may, at any time, call a special meeting of the membership for the transaction of any business which may be properly brought before such meeting. An annual meeting may be deemed to a special meeting.


Meetings of the membership shall be held at the registered office of the Corporation, or at such other place within or outside of Ontario as the board from time to time determines.


Notice of the time and place of each meeting of the membership shall be sent not less than 10 days and not more than 90 days before the date of the meeting to the auditor of the Corporation if applicable, to each director, and to each person whose name appears on the records of the Corporation at the close of business on the day next preceding the giving of notice as a member entitled to vote at the meeting. Notice of a special meeting shall state:

(a) the nature of the business to be transacted at the meeting in sufficient detail to permit the member to form a reasoned judgment thereon; and
(b) the text of any special resolution of by-law to be submitted to the meeting.


The only persons entitled to attend a meeting of the membership shall be those entitled to vote thereat, the directors and the auditor of the Corporation and others who although not entitled to vote are entitled or required under any provision of the Act or by-laws of the Corporation to be present at the meeting. Any other persons may be admitted only on the invitation of the chairman of the meeting or with the consent of the board.


The holders of a majority of the votes entitled to vote at a meeting of the membership present in person or by proxy constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of members.

4.14 VOTES

Each single family home or building lot in the serviced area shall be entitled to one vote. Membership privileges shall extend to all owners, tenants or family members of the owner or tenants residing therein. Only one representative of the home shall be entitled to vote. The board may, in its discretion, limit the right to speak at any membership meeting to one family representative who shall speak on behalf of the home. In the event of any disagreement between joint owners, the vote shall be exercised by the person who is: (a) name is listed; (b) present at the meeting.


Membership in the Association and use of the facilities is designed primarily for individual or family use. The board may elect to suspend or deny membership privileges to a group of multiple owners or users who do not constitute a family and whose number of users results in an unfair and disproportionate demand for use of Association facilities.


One vote shall be given per lot to Lots 1-10, Plan 4M-1108, all lots on Plan 4M-1158 and all other registered plans of subdivision or condominium units lawfully created and registered within the serviced area. A lot or unit shall be deemed to be created as of the date of the registration of same at the Land Titles Office of Ottawa No. 4. At any meeting of the membership which may affect the future charges paid by the members to the Association, or which may affect the, as yet, undeveloped lands in the serviced area or any proposed amendment to the by-laws or articles of the Association, owners of undeveloped land within the serviced areas shall be permitted to address their interests and shall be granted the right to vote on the basis of one vote per .2 hectares of land, to the registered owner of such lands, provided the owner is the developer, or its successor or assignee.


The Association shall have the power to make rules and regulations governing the use of its facilities by members and guests.


The Association acknowledges that a substantial investment of capital has been made by members on the basis of a concept plan for the community. As such, the owners of lands within the serviced area shall be entitled to be reasonably certain, at the time of their purchase and thereafter, that facilities, amenities and activities which are important to them and formed part of their decision to make such investment will continue to be permitted uses on the lands and premises under the jurisdiction of the Association. The following shall be deemed to be protected uses and notwithstanding that only a minority of the membership may enjoy any given use at any time, the Association shall not discontinue such use except with a vote of two thirds of the members of the Board of Directors and 90% of the votes of the members of the Association entitled to vote:

(a) tennis, on the tennis courts owned by the Association;
(b) volleyball;
(c) user of trails for walking, jogging and cross-country skiing;
(d) swimming and use of the Association swimming pool (if applicable);
(e) use of ponds for water sports in their respective zones as set out on the site map for each body of water or recreation area, as delivered by the developer to the Association upon completion of the recreation areas;
(f) children’s’ play areas;
(g) maintaining a rule which provides exclusive use of Woodstream Owners Association waterfront property abutting a waterfront lot, to the abutting waterfront landowners and excludes persons from entering these lands as though the landowner owned to the waters edge;

Furthermore, the provisions of this by-law may not be amended except in accordance with the 90% voting provisions specified above.


Members of the Association may bring guests to use the facilities upon the following conditions:

(a) the member assumes full responsibility for the conduct of his guests;
(b) the guest is at all times accompanied by the member while using the facilities;
(c) any gathering, whether formal or informal, involving more than 4 guests receives the prior consent of the Board of Directors or its appointee. The Board shall have the right to appoint one or more facility supervisors with power to make decisions regarding the use of facilities by guests;
(d) where user fees are applied for any facility the member shall be responsible for the payment of all guest user fees.

4.20 ABUSE

The Board shall have the right to make special rulings to prevent the abuse of facilities in a manner unforeseen at the time of the preparation of this by-law in the best interests of the Association and the long term care, maintenance and use of its facilities.


Use of facilities for a limited time by members of the general public may be considered by the Board provided same is in the best long-term interests of the Association Board. No such use or invitation to the general public to enter upon and use Association facilities shall be made by any member without the express written consent of the Board. Such use is considered important to good public relations with the local community and may include but is not limited to: tennis legal matches or tournaments, swimming lessons or classes, water ski tournaments or instruction session provided same do not unreasonably interfere with the overall use and enjoyment of the facilities by Association members.

In providing such consent, the Board may impose such conditions and make such charges as are deemed appropriate in the best interests of the Association.


The Association may enter into agreements with autonomous clubs for the administration, use and maintenance of its facilities. Such agreements may include and address such matters as user fees, payments to the Association, allotment of time and exclusive use of facilities. Notwithstanding, all such agreements must not conflict with the bylaws, rules and regulations of the Association.


Every member entitled to vote at a meeting of the membership may be means of a proxy appoint a proxy holder or one or more alternate proxy holders who are not required to be members to attend and act at the meeting in the manner and to the extent authorized by the proxy and with the authority conferred by the proxy. A proxy shall be in writing and executed by the member or by his attorney authorized in writing. Subject to the requirements of the Act the instrument may be in such form as the directors from time to time prescribe or in such other form as the chairman of the meeting may accept as sufficient. It shall be deposited with the Association before any vote is taken under its authority, or at such earlier time and in such manner as the Board by resolution prescribes.


At each meeting of the membership one or more scrutineers may be appointed by a resolution of the meeting or by the chairman with the consent of the meeting to serve at the meeting. Such scrutineers need not be members of the Association.


Unless otherwise required by the Act, or the articles or by-laws of the Association, all questions proposed for the consideration of the membership at a meeting shall be decided by a majority of the votes cast thereon.


At all meetings of the membership every question shall be decided by a show of hands unless a ballot thereon be required by the chairman or be demanded by a member or proxy holder present and entitled to vote. Upon a show of hands every person present and entitled to vote, has one vote regardless of the number of votes he represents. After a show of hands has been taken upon any question, the chairman may require or any member or proxy holder present and entitled to vote may demand a ballot thereon. Whenever a vote by show of hands shall have been taken upon a question, unless a ballot thereon be so required or demanded, a declaration by the chairman that the vote upon the question has been carried or carried by a particular majority or not carried and an entry to that effect in the minutes of the meeting shall be prima facie evidence of the fact without proof of the number or proportion of the votes recorded in favour of or against the question. The result of the vote so taken and declared shall be the decision of the Association on the question. A demand for a ballot may be withdrawn at any time prior to the taking of the ballot.


If a ballot is required by the chairman of the meeting or is demanded and the demand is not withdrawn, a ballot upon the question shall be taken in such manner as the chairman of the meeting directs.


The chairman of the meeting of the membership may, with the consent of the meeting and subject to such conditions as the meeting may decide, adjourn the meeting from time to time and from place to place.


Any questions regarding the entitlement of a member to vote shall be made by the secretary upon reference to the registered owner as shown on the abstract at the Land Titles Office.


Notice shall be given in the name of the registered owner or, where more than one (1) owner appears on title, to the first name appearing on title at the municipal address of the property or such other address for service given by the member to the secretary.


A copy of the financial statement and a copy of the Auditors’ and/or Accountants’ Report shall be furnished to every owner and mortgagee entered on the register who has requested the same.



Without limiting the definitions ascribed thereto by the Act, means the expenses incurred in the performance of the objects and duties of the Association and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, shall include the following:

(a) the maintenance, repair, replacement and operation of the common elements;
(b) payment of any remuneration payable by the Association to any employee deemed necessary for the proper operation and maintenance of the property;
(c) payment of any remuneration payable to any management contract which may be entered into between the Association and a manager;
(d) the cost of legal, accounting and auditing service;
(e) any other expense approval by the board.


Every member shall pay the minimum sum of $180 per year to the Association, or such other sum as is prescribed by the Board. Payment shall be made by January 1. Any returned cheques shall be subject to a reasonable charge as set from time to time by the Board.


The total amount payable in terms of “fees, dues, levies and special assessments” shall be no more than $25.00 per month, subject only to cost of living increases on an annual basis as established from time to time by Statistics Canada, which increases shall only commence one year after the said payments start. Any such payments or fees shall commence after the “recreational area” is constructed. The owners shall be given at least two months’ notice in writing of the date that the fees are to commence, and the amount at which the fees will start.

Any further increases or decisions regarding special assessments for amounts over the regular monthly payments or fees, set out in “A” above, shall not be made for a period of 5 years from the date of commencement of the payments and then only with the approval of a minimum of 80% of the owners entitled to vote at a special meeting of the membership.


(a) Arrears of payments required to be made under the provisions of this by-law shall bear interest at a rate equal to two per cent (2%) above the interest rate charged from time to time by the Bank of Canada to chartered banks.
(b) In addition to any remedies or liens provided by the Act, if any owner/member is in default in payment of an assessment levied against him, for a period of fifteen (15) days, the board may bring legal action for and on behalf of the Association to enforce collection thereof and there shall be added to any amount found due all costs of such action, including costs as between a solicitor and his own client.


The Board, when giving notice of default in payment of common expenses or any other default to the owner/member of the lot, shall concurrently send a copy of such notice to each mortgagee of such lot who is entered on the Register.


A certificate may be requested by a member or his authorized agent and prepared by the secretary of the Association setting out the following matters:

(a) the amount of monthly common expenses;
(b) any arrears or defaults of the member;
(c) the amount of reserves held by the Association;
(d) any litigation that the Association is a party to either as plaintiff or defendant, or 3rd party;
(e) any special assessments approved by the Board and unpaid. A charge of $50 or such other amount as is directed by the Board to be charged by the party requesting the information.


The financial or fiscal year of the Association shall end on the 31st day of December in each year.


Any notice, communication or other document to be given by the Association to a member, director, officer or auditor of the Association under any provision of the Act, the articles or by-laws shall be sufficiently given if delivered personally to the person to whom it is to be given, or if delivered to his recorded address or if mailed to him at his recorded address by prepaid ordinary mail or if sent to him at his recorded address by any means of any prepaid transmitted or recorded communication. A notice so delivered shall be deemed to have been given when it is delivered personally or delivered to the recorded address as aforesaid; a notice so mailed shall be deemed to have been given when deposited in a post office or public letter box and shall be deemed to have been received on the fourth day after so depositing; a notice so sent by means of transmitted or recorded communication shall be deemed to have been received on the fifth day after so depositing with the appropriate communication company or agency or its representative for dispatch. The secretary may change or cause to be changed the recorded address of any member, director, officer or auditor of the Association in accordance with any information believed by him to be reliable. The recorded address of a director shall be his latest address as shown in the records of the Association or in the most recent notice filed under the Corporations Information Act, whichever is the more current.


In computing the date when notice must be given under any provision of the articles or by-laws requiring a specified number of days’ notice of any meeting or other event, the date of giving the notice shall, unless otherwise provided, be included.


The accidental omission to give any notice to any member, director, officer or auditor, or the non-receipt of any notice by any member, director, officer or auditor or any error in any notice not affecting the substance thereof shall not invalidate any action taken at any meeting held pursuant to such notice or otherwise founded thereon.


Every person who by operation of law, by transfer or by the death of a member or otherwise becomes entitled to votes, is bound by every notice in respect of such votes which has been duly given to the registered holder of such votes prior to his name and address being entered on the records of the Association.


Any member (or his duly appointed proxy), director, officer or auditor may waive any notice required to be given under the articles or by-laws of the Association and such waiver, whether given before or after the meeting or other event of which notice is required to be given shall cure any default in the giving of such notice.


The signatures to any notice to be given by the Association may be written, stamped, typewritten or printed or partly written, stamped, typewritten or printed.


Deeds, transfers, assignments, contracts and obligations of the Association may be signed by the president or a vicepresident or a director together with the secretary or treasurer or an assistant secretary or assistant treasurer or another director. Notwithstanding this, the Board may at any time and from time to time direct the manner in which and the person or persons by whom any particular deed, transfer, contract or obligation or any class of deeds, transfers, contracts or obligations may be signed.

6.9 SEAL

Any person authorized to sign any document may affix the corporate seal thereto.


This by-law comes into force upon confirmation by the membership of the Association in accordance with the Act.



The invalidity of any part of this by-law shall not impair or affect in any manner the validity and enforceability or effect of the balance thereof.


The use of the masculine gender in this by-law shall be deemed to include the feminine and neutral genders and the use of the singular shall be deemed to include plural whenever the context so requires.


No restriction, condition, obligation or provision contained in this by-law shall be deemed to have been abrogated or waived by reason of any failure to enforce the same irrespective of the number of violations or breaches thereof which may occur. Whereas the foregoing by-laws being hereinafter referred to as By Law No. 1 was read and passed by the originating directors, this 15th day of July, 2003.